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首页 > 教育论文 > > 近代云南讲武堂的军事教育史探究
近代云南讲武堂的军事教育史探究
>2024-01-25 09:00:00

摘要

云南陆军讲武堂,是清末民初最为重要的军事院校之一,培养了大批的军事人才,创造了中国近代军事教育史上引人瞩目的成就,在中国近代军事、政治史上产生了深远的影响。因此,云南陆军讲武堂的军事人才培养模式及其取得的军事教育成果具有很大的研究价值。

本文主要运用文献研究法和历史研究法来梳理云南陆军讲武堂的发展历程,从史料中了解讲武堂当时的军事教育情况,总结讲武堂的军事管理体制、人才培养模式及对中国近代军事教育史的影响,再通过各位亲身经历者的回忆来进一步验证补充这些结论。

云南陆军讲武堂在军事教育管理方面的特色主要是规划了明确的组织结构、详细的招生计划、全面的管理制度、国际的师资来源以及合理的经费预算,从制度上保障了讲武堂军事教学活动的顺利开展。在军事人才培养模式方面主要体现了其招生的开放性、课程的科学性、管理的制度性、教学的先进性、师资的国际性这五个军事教育特点。对其他军事院校的援建及影响显现出了云南陆军讲武堂对中国近代军事教育史的推动作用,对中国近代军事及政治的影响可以直观的展示出云南陆军讲武堂丰硕的军事教育成果。

关键词:云南陆军讲武堂;军事教育;军事人才

Abstract

Yunnan Military Academy is one of the most important military schools at theend of Qing Dynasty and the start of the Republic of China, which cultivatednumerous military elites and achieved great successes in China's early militaryeducation, military events and political affairs. Therefore, the study on YunnanMilitary Academy's training system and education gains are of great value.

This dissertation mainly use the methods of literature and history study to findthe development of Yunnan Military Academy. According to the historical materialsof this military academy, we can infer to the essence of military management systemand elite cultivation model and the influences of that to Chinese military education. Inaddition, from the personal experiences we can provided more useful evidences tothose conclusions.

Concerning to the management of Yunnan Military Academy, which is mainlyfocus on the clear organization structure, detailed enrollment plan, full-roundedmanagement system, international staff resources and reasonable expenditure budget.

All of these made the solid foundation of Yunnan Military Academy's teachingactivities. As for its elite cultivation model, its features are the openness of enrollment,the advancement of course curriculum, the institutionalization of management, theleading position of teaching methods and the internationalization of staff resources.

Yunnan Military Academy made great contribution to the founding of other militaryschools and the process of Chinese military education in modern times. Furthermore,the development of Chinese military events and political affairs in recent times alsow